What is hypertension?
Hypertension is a common health condition in the UK. Estimates show that around 20 to 30 million people suffer from it. In the long run, high blood pressure damages the blood vessels and contributes to the development of additional health issues, such as heart attack and stroke. Since hypertension has few symptoms but should be treated quickly, it is important to get regularly examined.
Hypertension arises due to a complex process. It takes some pressure to allow the blood to flow through the blood vessels to the organs and tissues. This arises from the rhythmic pumping of the heart and the resistance of the vessel walls. If the myocardium contracts and carries the blood forward increased blood pressure is created in the arteries. When the heart muscle subsequently relaxes, the heart refills with blood and the pressure in the arteries subsides, but does not drop to zero and is maintained by the arterial walls between the pump bursts of the heart to allow the blood to continue to flow within the arteries.
We know that normal blood pressure is vital. Apomeds has the most effective and prescribed medications for high blood pressure in stock. You can order them online through an electronic prescription.
Blood pressure values
There are two blood pressure values that are obtained when measuring hypertension:
Systolic blood pressure:
This value arises during the phase in which the heart contracts, a process called systole. The blood is pumped from the heart into the aorta, which creates a pressure wave that is spread over the vessel walls of the arteries to outer body regions, such as arms and legs. This pulse wave is measurable at that moment.
Diastolic blood pressure:
In the phase called diastole, the heart muscle expands and fills with blood again. There is still pressure in the vessels, but it is lower than in systole.
Blood pressure is subject to certain fluctuations in all people. Physical exertion, anxiety, and excitement can increase blood pressure. In contrast, blood pressure drops dramatically during sleep, meditation or rest. These fluctuations are normal, as they serve the physical adjustment to the respective situation. In healthy people, however, these values always fall back to normal.
How to measure blood pressure
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). For example, the reading of 126/79 mmHg, which is 126 to 79, means that the systolic blood pressure is 126, and the diastolic is 79 mmHg. The following reference ranges are set for blood pressure:
- Blood pressure normal values: 120-129 and 80-84
- Normal blood pressure in the higher range: 130-139 and 85-89
- High blood pressure grade 1: 140-159 and 90-99
- High blood pressure grade 2: 160-179 and 100-109
- Severe hypertension Grade 3: 180 and 110
Symptoms of high blood pressure
Unfortunately, there are almost no symptoms of high blood pressure. To see if the blood pressure is elevated, it needs to be measured. Only very high blood pressure causes symptoms, such as blurred vision, nose bleeds, headache, and shortness of breath.
If you are over 40 years of age, you should have your blood pressure checked every five years. Also, if you suspect hypertension, it is advisable to take several measurements using a sphygmomanometer (blood pressure meter). However, one should not take unnecessary precautions or be over-involved in the topic, because this stress might also increase the blood pressure.
Causes of high blood pressure
It is difficult to list the exact causes of high blood pressure, as it is usually caused by a combination of factors. However, common risk factors include:
- Lack of exercise
- Poor diet, especially too much salt
In general, heredity, lifestyle, age, and gender always play a significant role. Blood pressure is always treated with a combination of healthy lifestyle choices and blood pressure medications. Since this condition is widespread in the UK, doctors, pharmacies, and health insurance companies are relatively well trained and you can get help quickly in case of emergencies.
How to lower the blood pressure without medications
There are several steps you can follow to lower the blood pressure naturally. If hypertension is type 1, it is not necessary to take any medication, but you need to make a few adjustments:
- Nutrition: People with high blood pressure must follow a strict diet. It is important to cut salt and eat healthier, which means including fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet, as well as avoiding alcohol, fat meat, and too much sugar. Also, cold-pressed vegetable oils and omega-3 fatty acids should be added to the diet.
- Movement: In order to stimulate body functions and the immune system it is necessary to move every day.
- Relaxation: Those who suffer from high blood pressure are very often subjected to stress. It is, therefore, necessary to avoid the factors that induce stress as much as possible. Besides, you could take the following measures: meditation, sauna, breathing exercises, reading, autogenic training or other relaxation techniques.
ACE - inhibitors and Sartans for the lowering of high blood pressure
ACE inhibitors or calcium channel blockers are active agents used in the treatment of high blood pressure. They are inhibitors of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), which causes the conversion of inactive angiotensin-I into active angiotensin II. The most important active substances in this category are Captopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril, Perindopril, and Ramipril.
Losartan and Candesartan belong to the group of Sartans or Angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARB). Sartans are receptor antagonists of the ACE receptors and, in addition to the ACE inhibitors and beta-blockers; are the most important drugs for lowering blood pressure. They work by blocking the docking site or the receptor of the hormone angiotensin II and suppress its action. Normally, this hormone causes a rise in blood pressure because it provokes vasoconstriction, decreased kidney circulation, as well as increased recovery of sodium ions, and water in the kidneys.
Sartans have relatively few side effects, as they interfere with the hormone control loop later than the ACE inhibitors. Therefore, they are often prescribed when ACE inhibitors are not well -tolerated. Apomeds offers the appropriate original medications that contain these substances for the effective treatment of high blood pressure. We connect you to EU-licensed doctors, who will issue you a prescription if the medication is safe for you, and a mail-order pharmacy, which will send the medication directly to your home. Apomeds puts at your disposal the following products:
Beta blockers for lowering blood pressure
By docking on the so-called beta-receptors in the heart, the hormone adrenaline and the neurotransmitter norepinephrine cause an increase in cardiac muscle activity. As a result, heart-strength and heart-rate increase, causing a reduction in the stimulation threshold of the heart. This means that the pumping power of the heart and the blood pressure increase. The beta-blocker Bisoprolol has the ability to block these receptors so that epinephrine and norepinephrine can no longer dock and cause a decrease in adrenaline. As a result, this lowers the blood pressure, as well as the oxygen and energy consumption of the heart. Finally, this reduces blood pressure, relieves the heart muscle and reduces the overall heart work.
At Apomeds, you can order this product and get an online prescription for it:
Effective hypertension treatments online at Apomeds
All medicines for the treatment of hypertension need a prescription. If you need a follow-up prescription for any anti-hypertensive medicines, then Apomeds is the place to be. We connect you to EU-licensed doctors and a registered mail-order pharmacy, which will send the medication directly to your home.