Malaria is a blood disease, transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito called Anopheles.The Anopheles mosquito is a mosquito genus that has about 460 different species. 100 of these 460 species can transmit malaria to humans, but only 30-40 species frequently transmit the plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. If diagnosed in time and treated with the right medication, malaria can be completely cured. In addition, there are now several medicines that can be used as malaria prophylaxis and can successfully prevent malaria.
How it works
1Select your treatmentSelect the treatment you need.
2Fill in a short questionnaireEach questionnaire will be reviewed by EU-licenced doctors, which includes all questions that are required to safely prescribe you the medication.
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Malaria – Severe, But Curable
Malaria is a blood disease that gets transmitted to human beings through the bite of an infected mosquito called Anopheles. Anopheles mosquito is a genus of mosquito that has about 460 species recognized. 100 of those 460 species can transmit Malaria to human beings, but only 30-40 species commonly transmit the plasmodium parasites which cause Malaria. When you get bitten by an infected mosquito, the parasites enter your bloodstream. Once the parasites are inside the body, they start to travel to the liver. There the parasites stay until they mature. After a couple of days, the mature parasites enter the bloodstream again, and they start to infect red blood cells. Between 48 and 72 hours later, the parasites multiply, which causes the infected red cells to blast open. As the infection continues, the symptoms start to manifest in cycles, lasting 2-3 days at a time.
Types of Malaria
There are five different plasmodium parasites that can cause Malaria, so the disease itself is differently manifested depending on which parasite caused it. Those five parasites are: Plasmodium falciparum – the prevalent specie in sub-Saharan Africa, which causes the majority of deaths related to Malaria; Plasmodium vivax – prevalent in Latin America and Southeast Asia, but not as nearly as deadly as falciparum; characterized with the possibility of prolonged complications when it comes to a dormant liver stage of the parasite; the stage can be re-activated even without a mosquito bite; Plasmodium ovale – also has added complications when it comes to dormant liver stage parasite; Plasmodium malariae – holds a very small percentage of the overall Malaria infections; Plasmodium knowlesi – which causes Malaria in primates; it has led to Malaria in humans as well, but the mode of transmission is unclear.
Many of the overall death-cases caused by Malaria are children in Africa. The reason for that is the climate of the sub-Saharan Africa, which is very convenient for the malaria parasites and Anopheles mosquitoes to thrive. There the climate is hot enough to provide the conditions for a wide spread of these pathogens. Aside from sub-Saharan Africa, the regions that have the climate fit for the life of carrier-mosquitos are Latin America, Southeast Asia and the Middle East. Regardless of that, there are still cases of Malaria reported in other parts of the world as well. People who travel to warmer and tropical parts of the world, sometimes get the disease and carry it back to their countries. For example, there are about 1,500 cases of Malaria reported in the United States every year. These cases are usually immigrants and travelers who return from countries that are considered a hotspot for Malaria.
Symptoms of Malaria
First symptoms of Malaria usually start to manifest themselves 10 -15 days after the bite of an infected mosquito occurred. There were also cases documented of people who developed Malaria several months after the bite.
- moderate to severe shaking chills,
- profuse sweating,
- high fever,
- abdominal pain,
- muscle pain,
- bloody stools,
- and coma.
Treatments for Malaria
Every malaria treatment aims to completely eliminate the parasites from the bloodstream of a patient. Malaria medications are used to kill the parasites that live within the red blood cells and liver. The drugs that are used to treat malaria are called anti-malarials, and often two different ones have to be combined to completely rid a patient of Malaria. Sometimes if the patient has dormant liver stages of parasites, the second medication is prescribed to prevent an eventual relapse. Once you start using the anti-malarials, you should keep in mind that all of the Malaria prophylaxis medications have side effects and if you experience any of them you should notify your doctor as soon as possible.
Medicinal Malaria Prophylaxis
Apomeds offers two highly efficient Malaria prophylaxis medications,Malarone and Doxycycline. The active ingredients, atovaquon and proguanil hydrochloride, prevent the multiplication of malaria pathogens. Doxycycline is used both as a prophylaxis and treatment for malaria. It is an antibiotic, and contains the active substance doxycycline in the form of doxycycline monohydrate.
Prevention of an Infection
There is no available vaccine for Malaria prevention. If you have to travel to one of the countries where Malaria is common, you should inform your doctor. There are highly useful Malaria prophylaxis medications, and you should take them prior to, during and after your travel. Medications used to prevent the disease, are the same as those that are used to treat it. If you live in an area of the world where malaria is prevalent, you should talk to your doctor about the possibility of long-term prevention. It is recommended to keep your skin covered, use bug sprays that contain DEET, and sleep under a mosquito net.
Malaria Prophylaxis at Apomeds
Apomeds has Malarone and Doxycycline on offer. Both of these medications are proven and effective medications, used for treating and preventing Malaria. Both Malarone and Doxycycline are highly efficient anti-malarials. If you have symptoms of malaria or if you are traveling to one of the malaria hotspots, then you should order a malaria prophylaxes. After our EU-licensed doctor reviews your medical questionnaire and issues a prescription, your drug will be discreetly packaged and sent to your home address. For more information on how Apomeds works, please click here.