|Trimethoprim||Trimethoprim||Sulfonamides and folic acid inhibitors||Women over 18 with the symptoms of cystitis|| |
|MacroBID (Nitrofurantoin)||Nitrofurantoin||Nitrofuran||Women over 18 with the symptoms of cystitis|| |
Typical Symptoms of a bladder infection
Common signs and symptoms of cystitis include:
- Persistent and strong need to urinate
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Frequent passage of small amounts of urine
- Strong-smelling or cloudy urine
- Urinating with blood in the urine (hematuria)
- Pelvic discomfort
- Low-level fever
- Unpleasant feeling of constant pressure in the abdomen
Who is most affected?
Cystitis can affect anyone, but it is more common in women because of their shorter urethra. Women are at a higher risk of developing cystitis if they:
- Are sexually active
- Use contraception with spermicide
- Are pregnant
- Are going through the menopause
- Use personal care products that can cause irritation
Risk factors common to both men and women include:
- Recent or current urinary tract infection
- Catheter use
- Kidney stones
- Spinal injuries
- Impairment of urine flow
- Wearing wet swimwear or underwear, and sitting on a cold surface
Causes for bladder infection
Cystitis, like most medical conditions, can be chronic or acute. Acute cystitis is when cystitis occurs suddenly, while interstitial cystitis has become a long-term condition involving multiple tissue layers of the bladder. In addition, there are several different types of bladder infections. Most doctors first suspect bacterial cystitis or infectious cystitis, which occurs when bacteria enter the human urethra or bladder and cause infection. The bacteria mostly comes from the anus.
Other types of bladder infection are considered non-infectious, as the factors leading to cystitis are not infectious. For example, a drug-induced infection, when a particular drug irritates the bladder while leaving the body. There is also radiation cystitis, when radiation treatment causes inflammation of the bladder. Foreign body cystitis is caused by the constant use of a catheter, and chemical cystitis, by certain personal-care products, that can also irritate the bladder.
How is cystitis diagnosed?
Due to different causes of cystitis, the methods of identification differ. The first and most commonly used method, is a simple urine test that may indicate the cause of the urinary tract infection. The second method is a cystoscopy, an inspection of the bladder with a thin tube, to which a camera and light are attached. If necessary, doctors can also collect some bladder tissue for biopsy during cystoscopy. Finally, there is the imaging test, which consists of an X-ray or ultrasound application, for the determination of cystitis. This test is rarely used because the first two methods are usually sufficient.
How to relieve symptoms
Mild cases of cystitis are known to improve and heal completely without treatment. However, if the symptoms persist or worsen over an extended period of time, medical attention is required. In order to relieve the symptoms of cystitis before visiting the doctor, there are several options. Some of these methods can also be used to prevent cystitis, while others can be used as self-help at home, once the symptoms are recognized.
-Taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen
-Drink plenty of water
-Keep the stomach warm
-Wipe from front to back after using the toilet
-Gently clean the genitals with a skin-friendly soap
Medications for cystitis
If the symptoms continue, the doctor usually prescribes antibiotics for the infection. The antibiotics begin to help within one to two days. In severe infections, doctors tend to prescribe a lower dose of antibiotics for continuous use over several months. In some cases, the doctor recommends surgery to correct a structural problem that causes cystitis.
Antibiotics in urinary tract diseases
The most commonly-prescribed cystitis medications are Trimethoprim and Nitrofurantoin, both highly effective with few potential side effects. If you have cystitis you can order them online at Apomeds . Based on an online diagnosis, you will receive your online prescription, and the medication will be delivered safely and discreetly within 48 hours.
More Information to cystitis and urinary infection