No end in sight - The number of asthma attacks is increasing in Europe
Bronchial asthma, or simply referred to as asthma, is a chronic respiratory disease and the most common chronic illness. More than 330 million people worldwide suffer from this chronic inflammation of the bronchi. Globally, there are about 400,000 people die each year from asthma complaints. These numbers are shocking. Especially in the seventies and eighties, the proportion of asthma sufferers, especially in Western countries, has increased dramatically. But even today, the numbers of asthma diseases are still rising steadily. An evaluation of the supply atlas has shown that the incidence of adult asthma has increased 35 percent over the past eight years. 35 percent! The study authors only partially explain this extremely high gradient of adult asthma sufferers as their life expectancy increases. Why is the number of asthma cases constantly increasing? Can the asthma epidemic ever be stopped?
Asthma causes in the Western world
Interestingly, asthma statistics from other Western countries are like those in Germany. For this, experts have various theories - environmental pollution, to hygienic living standards, genes, use of antibiotics in childhood, diet, obesity, passive and active smoking. In recent years, the emphasis has been placed on the so-called `` hygiene hypothesis``, which states that today we simply live too cleanly. According to this assumption, our body needs various bacteria and microbes to develop normally. The immune system of children who are or are not exposed to such different germs reacts violently to allergy-causing substances, which then triggers the asthma attack. Studies have shown that children who grow up in the countryside or on farms are much less likely to suffer from asthma. Furthermore, there is a clear difference between the inhabitants of town and country. In German cities, about 25 percent more people have been treated for asthma in the past eight years than in rural areas. Experts warn that asthma and the number of people suffering from climate change will continue to increase. A precise explanation of why the number of asthma diseases increases so markedly does not exist. However, one thing is clear - modern lifestyles and Westernization play an important role. Something in the western lifestyle affects the immune system in a way that makes it susceptible to asthma.
Asthma in children
Asthma can already be seen in very young infants. It is often difficult to determine whether it is simply a cold or an infection. However, if the child coughs for several weeks and whistles while exhaling (also called gleefully), panting with minimal effort, and getting bad air, bronchial asthma may be the cause. Ten percent of all children suffer from this respiratory disease, making asthma one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood. Fortunately, many sufferers grow out of the evil and only three to five percent carry the disease into adulthood. Conversely, adults who have never suffered from childhood asthma can suddenly have asthma symptoms.
Susanne, a 34-year-old mother from Frankfurt, still remembers her first asthma attack. `` It was in July, during our holidays in Norway. When I played with my children in the grass in front of our hotel, I suddenly had to cough a lot. I was struggling to breathe, and my chest felt tight. I was sure that I had raged too wildly with the children. A few days later, however, the same thing happened to me again. This time I suddenly had a fit of breathlessness during a walk in the nearby forest. When we came back to Germany, I immediately arranged an appointment with my family doctor and two days later, I sat with my doctor in his consulting room and I got the diagnosis `` adult-onset asthma````
Types of Asthma
Asthma is mainly divided into two different types, allergic and non-allergic asthma. Seventy percent of asthmatics suffer from allergic asthma. Susanne is also allergic to asthma. `` I've always been a bit sensitive to pollen and dust, `` says the young woman. Only later did she realize that the grasses in Norway are in high bloom in July. `` Maybe I've not been exposed to so many pollen before as a city dude, so I never had such an extreme reaction, `` she says. For sufferers, it is very important to find out which allergens and substances trigger an asthma attack in order to avoid them as well as possible.
The respiratory tracts are chronically inflamed in asthmatics and the immune system reacts exaggeratedly to stimuli that are harmless to healthy people. These may be various allergenic substances such as pollen, animal hair or dust, but also smoke or stress, exertion or cold. In an asthmatic, the bronchi immediately contract on contact with a trigger and the mucous membranes swell. The narrowing of the respiratory tract makes inhaling and exhaling extremely difficult. Anyone who has ever tried to breathe through a straw, so only ancestors how uncomfortable and scary this feels. In addition, sufferers describe a tightness in the chest.
Asthma symptoms often not recognized from elderly
More and more often, asthma plagues seniors. They suffer a lot from this, as older people usually already have other illnesses and therefore asthma is an additional burden that can make life very difficult. In old age, the disease not only affects the quality of life enormously, but it is life-threatening. Seniors die four times more from asthma than younger people. The asthma symptoms are experienced differently in older people than in younger people. The difficult breathing is usually accused of other causes and medical help is often taken too late. That should not be so. With proper therapy and medication, the quality of life does not have to be impaired even in the elderly.
Unfortunately, there are still no drugs that can cure bronchial asthma permanently. Susanne says: `'I got an allergy injection so that the allergy is treated casually, and the symptoms do not spread further in the respiratory tract. In addition, my doctor has prescribed an emergency spray. However, an emergency is a misleading word, `says the Frankfurt woman, adding: ` `You do not use the spray only in an emergency, but as soon as you realize that an attack is approaching, that is, before an emergency occurs. ' `Susanne goes on to say that her quality of life has not been limited since the right treatment. She does sports, romping in the grass with her children and still likes to hike in the forest. Those most often using anti-inflammatory asthma inhalers or powder inhalers, which are used in a very low dose and act directly on the bronchial mucous membrane in a seizure. Most asthma sprays are generally well tolerated and safe for children. Asthmatics who always carry a spray or inhaler with them are prepared for any eventualities. If you need a follow-up prescription for the Asthma spray that you always use, you can do that so online. Apomeds doctors will issue a follow-up prescription and send you the medication directly home!